Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) – GS Paper 2 – Social Issues

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) 

The ICDS addresses non-formal pre-school education, targeting children aged 0 to 6 years, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers, and ends the cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, and mortality.

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Empirical studies show a link between early poverty, hunger, and insufficient stimulation and later cognitive and financial difficulties. Research have demonstrated that early childhood interventions with a focus on nutrition, education, and health can greatly increase human capital, especially in developing nations.


Role of Anganwadi Workers (AW) for Improvement of ICDS


Proper implementation of POSHAN 2.0 initiatives

Better Educational and Health Outcomes using Modern Technology like Smartphones and applications.

Children enrolled in this program reduce child stunting and malnutrition with the efforts of the workers.

The division of work should be fixed, with the new AW focusing on preschool and the existing AW focusing on child health and nutrition. thus having a wider reach in the country. 

Creating job opportunities for the local residents, especially Women. 

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

Integrated Child Development Services is a government program in India which provides nutritional meals, preschool education, primary healthcare, immunisation, health check-up and referral services to children under 6 years of age and their mothers

The Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme providing for supplementary nutrition, immunization and pre-school education to the children is a popular flagship programme of the government. Launched in 1975, it is one of the world’s largest programmes providing for an integrated package of services for the holistic development of the child. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by state governments and union territories. The scheme is universal covering all the districts of the country.

The Scheme has been renamed as Anganwadi Services. The services are now offered as part of the Saksham Anganwadi and Poshan 2.0 ( Poshan 2.0)

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