According to an interim study on Asian Elephant population and demographic forecasts until 2023, the number of elephants in Karnataka has climbed by 346, from an anticipated 6,049 in 2017 to 6,395 now, making it the state with the highest population in the nation. They are thought to have a population between 5,914 and 6,877.
The census, which was conducted in 23 forest divisions, reveals that there are 0.34 elephants per square kilometre on average throughout the State. With 1,116 elephants, Bandipur Tiger Reserve has the highest density (0.96 per sq km), followed by Nagarahole Tiger Reserve with 831 elephants and a density (0.93).
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Project Elephant was launched in 1999 by the Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests to provide financial and technical support to wildlife management efforts by states for their free-ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants.
The project aims to ensure the long-term survival of the population of elephants in their natural habitats by protecting them, their habitats and migration corridors. Other goals of Project Elephant are supporting the research of the ecology and management of elephants, creating awareness of conservation among local people, and providing improved veterinary care for captive elephants.
Aims Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:
To protect elephants, their habitat and corridors.
To address issues of man-animal conflict.
Welfare of captive elephants
to promote not to harm elephants for their tusks.
Financial support is being provided to major elephant bearing States in the country. The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States / UTs, viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.
Main activities under the Project are as follows:
Ecological restoration of existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants are built better than before;
Development of scientific and planned management for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India;
Promotion of measures for mitigation of man-elephant conflict in crucial habitats and moderating pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats;
Strengthening of measures for the protection of Wild elephants from poachers and unnatural causes of death;
Research on Elephant management related issues;
Public education and awareness programs;
Elephant Rehabilitation/Rescue Center
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