India’s first indigenously developed nuclear power plant
Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated scientists and engineers for achieving what he called “another milestone”., and said: “India achieves another milestone. The first largest indigenous 700 MWe Kakrapar Nuclear Power Plant Unit-3 in Gujarat starts operations at full capacity.”
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- Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited( NPCIL) a public sector enterprise under the Department of Atomic Energy(DAE) ,is task with the design construction commission and operation of nuclear power reactors.
- NPCIL currently operates 23 commercial nuclear power reactors with combined capacity of 7480 megawatt
- The reactor fleet comprises two boiling water reactors(BWRs), 19 pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs), including one 100MW PHWR at Rajasthan owned by DAE, GOI and two 1000MW capacity VVER reactors.
- Kakarpar atomic power project (KAPP) Unit 3 commenced commercial operation on June 30,2023
- NPCIL has 9 more reactors under construction with a total capacity of 7500 MW
- Construction of 700MW nuclear power plants is underway at Rawatbhata in Rajasthan (RAPS 7 and 8) and at Gorakhpur in Haryana (GHAVP 1 and 2)
Net zero Target: It referred to as carbon neutral neutrality which does not mean that country would bring down its emission to zero.
It is a state in which countries emissions are compensated by absorption and removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. India has promise to cut its emission to net zero by 2070 at conference of parties-26COP Summit
India’s long-term low-carbon development strategy rests on seven key transitions to low-carbon development pathways. These include;
- low-carbon development of electricity systems consistent with development
- develop an integrated, efficient and inclusive transport system,
- promote adaptation in urban design, energy and material efficiency in buildings, and sustainable urbanization,
- promoting economy-wide decoupling of growth from emissions and development of an efficient, innovative low emission industrial system
- development of carbon dioxide removal and related engineering solutions,
- enhancing forest and vegetation cover consistent with socioeconomic and ecological considerations and
- economic and financial needs of low-carbon development
India Renewable Energy Target (2023):
India’s relentless pursuit of renewable energy has paid off, with the country’s installed renewable energy capacity in India has increased from 115.94 GW in March 2018 to 172.00 GW in March 2023
- We expect that new renewables capacity—mostly wind and solar—will reduce electricity generation from both coal-fired and natural gas-fired power plants in 2023 and 2024.
- Wind and solar accounted for 14% of U.S. electricity generation in 2022. We forecast that wind and solar will rise slightly, accounting for 16% of total generation in 2023 and 18% in 2024. Electricity generation from coal falls from 20% in 2022 and to 17% in both 2023 and 2024
- Natural gas accounted for 39% of electric power sector electricity generation last year, and we forecast its share to be similar in 2023 then fall to 37% in 2024.
- India has also announce the target of 50% installed power generation capacity from non-Fossil energy sources by 2030 raising the existing target of 40% which is already been almost achieved.
- India’s renewable energy target have steadily become more ambitious from 175 GW by 2022 declared at Paris to 450 GW 2030 at the union climate submit and now 500 GW by 2030 announced COP26
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