Why in the News?
- Heart attack at an early age is the most in news. Heart attack is the most unexpected & critical situation India is facing right now.
- The number of deaths from heart attacks has increased at a young age.
- Heart attack used to be a prime reason in the aged, but now early heart attack cases are increasing in youngsters and kids also.
- The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) reports that during the past ten years, the number of heart attack-related deaths in India has increased by 54%.
- According to the Indian Heart Association (IHA), 25% of heart attacks in Indian males happen before age 40, and 50% happen before age 50.
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What is Heart?
The heart is a muscular pumping organ situated in the thoracic area of the body. The heart’s apex, or bottom end, is tipped to the left, placing about two-thirds of the organ on the left side of the body and the remaining third on the right. The aorta, vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and pulmonary veins are all connected to the top of the heart, also referred to as the heart’s base. The heart moves blood around the body, feeding cells with nutrients and oxygen while eliminating waste, which makes it essential for maintaining life.
What is sudden cardiac arrest, heart attacks and heart failures?
Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), Heart Attack, and Heart Failure are three separate cardiac disease types with different causes & and symptoms.
- Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA): – SCA is a sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, typically caused by an electrical malfunction in the heart, resulting in the heart’s inability to pump blood effectively. It frequently results in unconsciousness and the cessation of the heartbeat and breathing. SCA can result in death within minutes if prompt treatment is not provided, such as CPR and defibrillation.
- Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction): – When a coronary artery is blocked or has restricted blood flow, it can cause a heart attack and cause death or damage to a portion of the heart muscle. Shortness of breath, chest pain, and occasionally pain radiating to the arms, neck, or jaw are all common signs of a heart attack. Blood vessel issues, particularly those involving the coronary arteries, are a factor in heart attacks.
- Heart Failure: Heart failure is a chronic condition in which the heart’s capacity to pump blood is impaired. This impairment is typically the result of a heart attack, excessive blood pressure, or other cardiac conditions. It may cause symptoms like exhaustion, breathlessness, fluid retention, and trouble going about your everyday business. Heart failure is a chronic illness that may need continuing medical care and dietary adjustments.
Symptoms of cardiovascular diseases
Chest Discomfort – Pain/Heaviness/Pressure in the centre of the chest
- Pain Radiating: – Pain in upper body parts arms (especially the left arm), neck, jaw, or back.
- Shortness of Breath: –Difficulty in breathing
- Nausea or Vomiting
- Cold Sweats: – excess sweating
- Dizziness or Light-headedness
- Unexplained Fatigue
- Pain in the Upper Abdomen
- Sleep Disturbances
- Unhealthy Lifestyle – alcohol/smoking/Poor diet
- lack of exercise or extreme exercise
- Family History – Genetic or Autoimmune
- Undiagnosed Heart Conditions
- High Cholesterol-Blockage in arteries
- Diabetes & BP: – High diabetes & BP can lead to heart failure
- Drug Over usage
It’s crucial to remember that not everyone flaunts all of these symptoms, and some people may not even experience any chest pain. In addition, men and women may experience different heart attack symptoms. It is difficult to identify symptoms in kids.
Conclusion: – Focusing on health can increase life span. Heart health is easy to maintain and affordable. A balanced diet, regular exercise, a less stressful routine and yearly checkups can lead us all to a quality life.
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