ISRO’s Mangalyaan bids goodbye silently
Space research in India is done by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). ISRO was formed on 15 August 1969, 52 years ago. ISRO made India proud in the space sector. ISRO’s objective was not only to design and develop launch vehicles and related technologies for space but all these at a very low budget.
ISRO, with its skilled and visionary scientists, developed satellites and related technologies for earth observation, communication, navigation, meteorology and space science, Communication programmed for meeting telecommunication and television broadcasting and developmental applications, based on space navigation system. ISRO successfully completed 114 Spacecraft Missions (including 3 Nano satellites and 1 micro satellite) 84 launch missions 13 Student satellites and 2 Re-entry missions and 342 Foreign Satellites (of 34 countries).
On Sept. 24, 2014 ISRO’s spacecraft, known as Mangalyaan, officially entered Martian orbit as part of the Mars Orbiter Mission, making India the fourth nation to insert a robot into Mars’ gravitational whirlpool — and the first to do so on its maiden try, after NASA, the space agency of the erstwhile Soviet Union and the European Space Agency (ESA). The fact that the mission – also called ‘Mangalyaan’ – was India’s first interplanetary mission and cost just $70 million earned it even more international respect, while instilling a sense of pride among Indians. The mission will be ever regarded as a remarkable technological and scientific feat in the history of planetary exploration.
Designed for a life-span of six months as a technology demonstrator, the Mars Orbiter Mission has lived for about eight years in the Martian orbit with a gamut of significant scientific results on Mars as well as on the Solar corona, before losing communication with the ground station, as a result of a long eclipse in April 2022. After eight incredible years of service studying the rocky world’s atmosphere and testing key technologies from the sky – a much longer lifetime than the agency expected -Mangalyaan ran out of fuel and battery power.
This week, India bid an inevitable farewell to Mangalyaan.
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The reason might have partly been an unfortunate back-to-back sequence of solar eclipses. Mangalyaan is solar powered and therefore couldn’t charge back up without the power of the sun. Starting now, it will slowly drift toward Mars’ surface in silence.
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