Forest Fire, also known as a wildfire, is an uncontrolled fire that rapidly spreads across forested areas. These fires can be ignited by natural causes such as lightning, or by human activities such as unattended campfires, discarded cigarettes, and deliberate arson. Forest fires can cause extensive damage to vegetation, wildlife, and human settlements, and they contribute to air pollution and climate change through the release of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. While fire is a natural part of many ecosystems and can help in the regeneration of certain plant species, the increasing frequency and intensity of forest fires due to climate change and human activities pose significant ecological and environmental challenges.

FSI estimates suggest that nearly 36 per cent of India’s forests are prone to fires, of which about 4 per cent are highly prone. Some forest areas in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana are fire prone but Tamil Nadu has been reporting wildfires in the forests in recent years.

High atmospheric temperatures and dryness (low humidity) offer favorable circumstance for a fire to start. Man made causes- Fire is caused when a source of fire like naked flame, cigarette or bidi, electric spark or any source of ignition comes into contact with inflammable material.


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