Last Solar eclipse of the decade
A solar eclipse occurs when a portion of the Earth is engulfed in a shadow cast by the Moon which fully or partially blocks sunlight. This occurs when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned in front of each other.
Such alignment coincides with a new moon (syzygy) indicating the Moon is closest to the ecliptic plane.
The Solar Eclipse that happened today December 26 is annular eclipse – the third and final solar eclipse of this year. It’s visible along a narrow path in the world’s Eastern Hemisphere. An annular solar eclipse happens when the new moon moves directly in front of the sun where the moon cannot cover the whole sun but leaves a ring surrounding itself. Thus at looks like a ring of fire around the sun. Contrastingly a total solar eclipse, the new moon completely covers over the solar disk.
The beginning of the solar eclipse was first seen from the Arabian Sea coast of Oman at around 7:59 hours IST and the annular eclipse become first visible in west of Baharain at 09:06 hours IST.
Several states of the country such as Odisha, Kerala, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Delhi, witnessed a solar eclipse today morning. The mesmerizing event is the last of this decade.
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In India, the obscuration of Sun by the Moon at the time of the greatest phase of the annular eclipse will be nearly 93 per cent. As one moves towards the north and south of the country from the annular path, the duration of the partial eclipse decreases.
Obscuration of the Sun by the Moon at the time of greatest phase of partial eclipse will be around 90 per cent in Bangalore, 85 per cent in Chennai, 79 per cent in Mumbai, 45 per cent in Kolkata, 45 per cent in Delhi, 42 per cent in Patna, 33 per cent in Guwahati, 70 per cent in Port Blair and 35 per cent in Silchar.
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Although experts warns that people remain cautious while witnessing this event and take proper precaution while watching the sun during eclipse. They said that Sun is pretty far from us: it’s more than 40,787km which is like traveling from Srinagar-Kanyakumari by road, a distance that even light needs around 8.3 minutes to cover.
But it still isn’t safe to look at with the naked eye because sun though in eclipse still emanates those deadly rays that have the capability to destroy the human eyes.
The light from the Sun “triggers a series of complex chemical reactions within the eye cells which damages their ability to respond to a visual stimulus, and in extreme cases, can destroy them.
This solar eclipse was very special as six planetary objects were in this eclipse, Sun, Moon, Saturn, Mercury, Jupiter and Ketu. Therefore it is expected to be more powerful and producing a more powerful effects. This was the decade’s last solar eclipse which we were able to experience.
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