Red Sea is the Northernmost extension of African rift valley. Linear marginal sea and famous for red algae, petroleum Transport route of immense strategically important. Red Sea, narrow, inland sea, separating the Arabian peninsula, western Asia, from northeastern Africa.
It extends northwest from the strait of Bab el Mandeb to Suez, Egypt. The sea is underlain by the Red Sea Rift which is part of the Great Rift Valley. The Red Sea is noted for its red algae which gives its colour marine life and corals. Passing through The Red Sea is the highest density of optic fibre cable that converges in the Gulf of Suez.
Red Sea, Arabic Al-Baḥr Al-Aḥmar, narrow strip of water extending southeastward from Suez, Egypt, for about 1,200 miles (1,930 km) to the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, which connects with the Gulf of Aden and thence with the Arabian Sea. Geologically, the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba (Elat) must be considered as the northern extension of the same structure. The sea separates the coasts of Egypt, Sudan, and Eritrea to the west from those of Saudi Arabia and Yemen to the east. Its maximum width is 190 miles, its greatest depth 9,974 feet (3,040 metres), and its area approximately 174,000 square miles (450,000 square km).
The Red Sea contains some of the world’s hottest and saltiest seawater. With its connection to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal, it is one of the most heavily traveled waterways in the world, carrying maritime traffic between Europe and Asia. Its name is derived from the colour changes observed in its waters. Normally, the Red Sea is an intense blue-green; occasionally, however, it is populated by extensive blooms of the algae Trichodesmium erythraeum, which, upon dying off, turn the sea a reddish brown colour.
The following discussion focuses on the Red Sea and the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba. For treatment of the Suez Canal, see Suez Canal.
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