Socotra | The most strange island SOCOTRA | Geography Through Maps World | ENSEMBLE IAS Academy

Socotra is very isolated and “the most alien-looking place on Earth”. Its plant life very unique and found nowhere else on the planet. Socotra is of continental origin that is part of continent, of Gondwana which got detached in the same set of rifting events that opened the Gulf of Aden to its northwest.

Socotra is one of the most isolated landforms on Earth of continental origin. The island is so isolated that a third of its plant life cannot be found anywhere else on this planet, including the notable strange-looking, umbrella-shaped dragon’s blood trees that look like flying saucers perched on trunks.

Socotra, also spelled Sokotra, Arabic Suquṭrā, island in the Indian Ocean about 210 miles (340 km) southeast of Yemen, to which it belongs. The largest of several islands extending eastward from the Horn of Africa, it has an area of about 1,400 square miles (3,600 square km). The Hajīr (Hajhir) Mountains occupy Socotra’s interior, with narrow coastal plains in the north and a broader plain in the south. To the southwest and west are the smaller islands of Samḥah and Darzah, called al-Ikhwān (“the Brothers”), and ʿAbd al-Kūrī, all of which also belong to Yemen. The islands stand on coral banks and may once have been connected with the African and Arabian mainlands. Socotra’s flora includes several famous species, among them myrrh, frankincense, and the dragon’s blood tree. In recognition of its distinct plant and animal life, the archipelago was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2008.

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