Daily Current Affairs Date-25th May 2021

Daily Current Affairs Date-25th May 2021:

Topics

  • Ana- First named Atlantic storm of 2021
  • Version 3.0 of MCA21 Launched
  • Gharial Hatchlings seen in Odisha
  • A book title “Nehru, Tibet and China” authored by Avtar Singh Bhasin
  • Over 21 Million sq kms placed within Protected and Conserved Areas since 2010: UNEP, IUCN Report
  • NHA sign MoU with Telangana to implement Ayushman Bharat Scheme
  • Rare Super Blood Moon to be observed on May 26

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Ana- First named Atlantic storm of 2021

According to National Hurricane Centre, Miami, subtropical storm Ana is drifting northeast across the Atlantic Ocean after causing rain to Bermuda. Thus, first named Atlantic storm will cause no damage to land and will dissipate soon.

  • Ana storm was located about 435 kilometer’s northeast of Bermuda.
  • It had a maximum sustained wind of 75 kilometer’s per hour. Ana was the first named storm in Atlantic in 2021, even though hurricane season is not started yet. Hurricane season usually start on June 1.
  • Atlantic hurricane
  • Atlantic hurricane, also called as tropical storm, is a tropical cyclone forming in Atlantic Ocean. It forms usually in months of June and November. Hurricane is different from cyclone or typhoon based on their location, only.  Hurricane storm occurs in Atlantic Ocean and north-eastern Pacific Ocean, typhoon in north-western Pacific Ocean while cyclone in South Pacific Ocean or Indian Ocean.
  • Where is Bermuda?
  • Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory located in North Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 1,035 km spreading east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina Bermuda has 181 islands. Hamilton is its capital city. The Island is internally self-governing and it has its constitution and cabinet of ministers.  Largest industries of Bermuda are offshore insurance, reinsurance, and tourism. In the 20thcentury, it had one of the world’s highest GDP per capita.
  • Questions-Q.Recently the word Ana was in the new –a)Tropical cyclone in Indian Oceanb)Tropical cyclone in Atlantic Ocean

    c)A new Satellite launched by European space agency

    d)None of the above

  • Questions-
    1. Ana was tropical hurricane hit which continent-

    a)North America

    b)South America

    c)Europe

    d)Africa

Version 3.0 of MCA21 Launched

  • First phase of India’s first mission mode e-governance project, MCA21was launched on May 24, 2021 by Minister of State for Finance & Corporate Affairs, Anurag Thakur. This version of MCA21is data analytics driven.
  • MCA21version 3.0 was highlighted during budget 2021-2022.
  • This project makes use of new technologies to streamline corporate compliance and experiences of stakeholders.
  • It will be implemented in two phases for which second and third phase will be launched in October 2021.
  • First phase of the project consists of new email services for MCA officers, revamped website, eBook and e-Consultation.
  • What is MCA21?
  • It is an online portal of corporate affairs ministry. Launched in 2006, the portal has made all the information related to company, accessible to stakeholders and general public.
  • MCA21 Mission Mode Project
  • This e-governance initiative was launched in 2002 by Ministry of Corporate Affairs, after facing the challenge of providing service to about 7.5 lakh corporate entities. It is one among 31Mision Mode Projects of National e-Governance Plan. Project is being implemented by Tata Consultancy Services under Build Own Operate and Transfer (BOOT) model.
  • National e-Governance Plan (NeGP)
  • NeGP initiative was launched by government to make all government services available to citizens using electronic media.  It was formulated by DeitY (Department of Electronics and Information Technology) in collaboration with DARPG (Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances).
  • Questions
  • Components of MCA21 3.0

Gharial Hatchlings seen in Odisha

  • Forest Department of Odisha has witnessed an adult Gharial surrounded by 28 hatchlings at Satkosia gorge in Mahanadi river which is considered as southernmost limit of gharials’ home range in India.
  • Forest department has been trying for 15 years to increase the population of gharials in their natural habitat in Odisha.
  • For long, the State Forest Department has been trying to increase the population of gharials in their natural habitat in Odisha. However, it yielded desired result. Thus, sight of mated gharials and their hatchlings becomes significant
  • The Gharial
  • Gharial, also called as gavial or fish-eating crocodile, is a crocodilian of family Gavialidae. It is one among longest of all living crocodilians. Mature females are 2.6–4.5 m long while and males are 3–6 m long. They are called as Gharial because they have a distinct boss at the end of snout, resembling an earthenware pot or ghara. They are well adapted to catching fish.
  • Background
  • It is believed that gharial evolved in northern Indian subcontinent. Because, Fossil gharial remains were collected from Pliocene deposits in Shivalik Hills and Narmada River valley.
  • Natural Habitat
  • Currently, Gharials inhabit rivers in northern plains of Indian subcontinent. They are most thoroughly aquatic crocodilian. They leave water only for basking and building nests on moist sandbanks.
  • Concerns
  • Population of gharial is declining dramatically since 1930s. they are limited to only 2% of its historical range now. Loss of habitat is occurring because of sand mining and conversion of agriculture, decreasing fish resources etc. Though, India and Nepal started conservation programmes with focused on reintroducing captive-bred gharials. But they are listed as ‘critically endangered’ in IUCN Red List since 2007

Questions-

Recently Ghariyal Hatchlings seen

a)Andhra Pradesh

b)Uttar Pradesh

c)Odisha

d)Madhya Pradesh

A book title “Nehru, Tibet and China” authored by Avtar Singh Bhasin

  • A book has titled “Nehru, Tibet and China”authored by Avtar Singh Bhasin.The book based on years of meticulous archival research, this book in fascinating detail, analyses the events from 1949 to the Indo-China war in 1962 and its aftermath to explore the answers to these burning questions.
  • History of  India, Tibet and China:
  • On 1 October 1949,the People’s Republic of China came into being and changed forever the course of Asian history. Power moved from the hands of the nationalist Kuomintang government to the Communist Party of China headed by Mao Tse Tung.
  • All of a sudden, it was not only an assertive China that India had to deal with but also an increasingly complex situation in Tibet which was reeling under pressure from China.
  • Clearly, newly independent India, with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehruat its helm, was navigating very choppy waters. Its relations with China progressively deteriorated, eventually leading to theIndo-China war in 1962.
  • Today, more than six decades after the war, we are still plagued by border disputes with China that seem to routinely grab the headlines. It leads one to question what exactly went on during those initial years of the emergence of a new China
  • Questions
    1. A book titled “Nehru, Tibet and China” fascinating detail analysis the event from
    2. a) 1949-1967
    3. It brings the total percentage of earth’s land which is protected/conserved to 64%, which is just a fraction short of the Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 (Protecting/Conserving 17% of Earth’s land and 10% of its marine environments by 2020).
    4. Around 82% of countries and territories have increased their share of protected area and coverage of Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECM).
      • The addition of 21 million square kilometers indicates that 42% of the world’s protected and conserved areas were added during 2010-20.
    5. ocean (7.74%) are within protected areas and OECMs3) The ongoing efforts to identify currently conserved or managed privately or by Indigenous and local communities will push the total conserved areas past the 17% goal in Aichi Target 11.4)Although the Protected area coverage in oceans have tripled since 2010 to 28.1 million square kilometres, it falls short of meeting the 10% goal of marine environments worldwideOECM & Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA)-

      1.OECM is a geographically defined area other than a Protected Area which is governed and managed to achieve outcomes for conservation of biodiversity.

      • On an average, 62.6% of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) either fully or partially overlap with protected areas and OECMs.
      • Average percentage of each KBA within protected areas and OECMS is 43.2% for terrestrial; 42.2% for inland water and 44.2 % for marine.
      • All areas (terrestrial, water & marine) showed ~ 5%increase in size since 2010.

Over 21 Million sq kms placed within Protected and Conserved Areas since 2010: UNEP, IUCN Report

According to the ‘Protected Planet Report 2020’ released by United Nations Environment Programme – World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), around 21 million square kms (which is 7 times the size of India) have been added within the Protected & Conserved Areas of the world since 2010.

  • NHA sign MoU with Telangana to implement Ayushman Bharat Scheme
  • National Health Authority (NHA) has inked Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Telangana government to implement Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojanaacross the state immediately.
  • Government has also linked the Ayushman Bharat Scheme with the state scheme “Aarogyasri’. Together, they are being called Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY Aarogyasri. NHA and State Health Agency (SHA) ensures that all eligible beneficiaries are provided free healthcare services under the converged scheme.
  • Thus, Ayushman Bharat scheme now encompasses 33 states and Union Territories.
  • Ayushman Bharat Scheme
  • This scheme was launched with the aim of providing free access to healthcare to 50 crore people in India who can access primary care services from a family doctor. Under the Ayushman Bharat Scheme, beneficiaries get free healthcare coverage of up to Rs 5 lakhs per family per year. Coverage is provided for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation. Beneficiaries can avail these Health services in any of 22,000 empanelled public and private hospitals across India as scheme is portable.
  • National Health Authority (NHA)
  • NHA is responsible for implementing public health insurance scheme called Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana(AB-PMJAY). NHA was set up to implement PM-JAY at national level. On similar line, State Health Agencies work in form of a society the trust and has been set up with full operational autonomy to implement this scheme.
  • Questions
  • Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a –
  • a) centrely sponsor scheme
  • Questions-NHA sign MOU with which statea)Odishab)Madhya Pradesh

    c)Telangana

    d)Maharashtra

Rare Super Blood Moon to be observed on May 26

  • First lunar eclipse of 2021 will take place on May 26, 2021. It will be a super lunar event because supermoon, lunar eclipse and blood moon, all will occur at once
  • Eclipse will visible partially in India, at a few places in eastern part. It can be well observed in Australia, United States, western South America, Pacific and South-East Asia. As per NASA, this lunar eclipse will happen because of a series of celestial event.

What is a supermoon?

  • When full or new moon coincides with perigee of Moon to the Earth, super moon event occurs. It is called as super moon, because close proximity of moon makes it bigger and brighter in appearance than usual. Though, difference between super and normal moon is hard to notice.

What is lunar eclipse?

  • When Earth’s shadow covers all or part of moon, lunar eclipse event happens. This event only happens during full moon. Lunar eclipse happens twice a year during which, moon comes in same horizontal plane as the Earth and Sun.

What is a full moon?

  • When Moon and Sun are on opposite sides of Earth, full moon happens. This makes it possible to observe entire lit-up side of the moon.

What is a red moon?

  • When moon gets completely covered by Earth’s shadow, it appears dark. It does not get completely black but appears red. Because of this red colour, total lunar eclipses are called as red or blood moons

Questions-

Where there a blood moon can be seen in 2020?

a)NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA

b)ASIA

c)AUSTRALIA

d)ALL OF THE ABOVE