GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX REPORT-2023
Why is India’s rank on the global hunger index in the news?
- GHI released a hunger index report on Thursday mentioning India’s rank as 111 out of 125 countries.
- As per the GHI report India’s score is 28.7; which is a scary level to show.
- India’s neighbour countries level is like Pakistan(102nd), Bangladesh(81th), Nepal(69th) and Sri Lanka(60th) which is above India as per the GHI report.
- According to the ranking, India also has the world’s highest child-wasting rate (18.7%), which reflects severe undernutrition.
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What is Global Hunger Index?
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool that measures and tracks hunger levels globally. It was created in 2006 by the German Agro Action and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and they generate reports every year. Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe, two non-government organisations from Ireland and Germany, are also involved in this project.
GHI has four dimensions to check hunger levels:
- Undernourishment: This is the proportion of the population that is undernourished, which indicates inadequate calorie consumption among the country’s citizens.
- Child Wasting: This is the proportion of kids under five who are underweight for their height, which is a sign of severe malnutrition.
- 3. Child Stunting: This is the proportion of kids under five who are short for their age, which is a sign of long-term malnutrition.
- Child Mortality (CMR): This is the rate of death of children under the age of five, which is a common indication of the general health and nutritional status of a population.
Why Indian government state this report as an erroneous measure of hunger?
- The Indian Government has rejected the report given by the Global Hunger Index. As per the government, this report is spreading incorrect information about the hunger level in India.
- The Women and Child Development Ministry claimed the index had “serious methodological issues and shows a malafide intent”.
- The measurement data of children under five years old posted to the Poshan Tracker has steadily increased, according to the ministry, from 6.34 crore in April 2023 to 7.24 crore in September 2023.
- The ministry added that, in addition to hunger, which is considered the cause/outcome factor for stunting and wasting in the GHI, two other indicators, wasting and stunting, are results of complex interactions of numerous other factors, including sanitation, genetics, environment, and how food is used.
- It is far-fetched that the “Proportion of Undernourished Population” metric, which accounts for crores of people in India, uses a sample size of only 3,000 people.
- GHI doesn’t have enough evidence to prove that child mortality is the result of hunger levels in India.
According to GHI’s report, the hunger count has increased globally from 572 million to 735 million. This alarming report highlights the need for the world to take steps to fight against hunger. However, India has rejected the GHI index report on the country’s hunger level. According to reports collected within the country, India has already made progress in improving their hunger level as compared to the last couple of years.
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