Right steps to mitigate carbon footprint

Global climate change is here. The poles are melting, glaciers shrinking, and rain patterns changing. Here’s a guide to our social and behavioural changes to mitigate carbon footprint.

Right steps to mitigate carbon footprint

Transport

Highest carbon footprint

Cars, trucks, commercial aircrafts and railways, all running on fossil fuel, have a significant carbon footprint. The latest to join the fray are cruise ships, infamous for waste disposal on seas, sulphur and greenhouse-gas emissions.

Lowest carbon footprint

A car with a hybrid drive train or one that runs on natural gas. Or, turn to carpool. Choose direct flights to your destinations since they outperform  

connecting routes in carbon emissions.

Fashion

Highest carbon footprint

While fast fashion is already proving to be toxic for the environment, washing clothes also tend to pollute the environment, due to microfibre from the polyester and nylon cloth that eventually reach the ocean.

Food

Highest carbon footprint

Beef dwarfs other food in terms of environmental impact, followed by cheese and eggs. What’s surprising is your favourite burger can have a poor carbon footprint record.

Lowest carbon footprint

Go vegan and stick to home-cooking. Milk, seasonal fruits, and lentils have the least carbon footprint.

Workplace

Highest carbon footprint

Dependence on paper, décor light-bulbs with filaments, and the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) of your office can lead to long-term wastage of energy.

Lowest carbon footprint

LED lighting, reusable mugs, compostable paper napkins, appliances with power-save mode, opting for video-conference over business travel. Swap desktop computers for laptops to save on power.

Home appliances

Highest carbon footprint

Single-door fridge with a poor energy efficiency rating, electric tumble dryer, electric hob, and water heater.

Lowest carbon footprint

Mini-split air conditioners with a programmable thermostat, smart geysers and refrigerators with five-star energy efficiency ratings.

Power source

Highest carbon footprint

While mining coal wreaks havoc on the environment, CO2 emitted from coal combustion is responsible for over 0.3-degree Celsius of the 1-degree Celsius increase in global average annual surface temperatures above preindustrial levels. This makes coal the single largest source of global temperature increase, according to IEA.

Lowest carbon footprint

Harnessing the power of the wind and waves via tidal energy systems and offshore wind farms can cut greenhouse-gas emissions and help mitigate climate change.

Source: Economic Times

Written By: Rajarshi Bhattacharjee