INDIA AND MADAGASCAR (SPLITTED OR LOST LAND)
- Philip Sclater observed the presence of lemurs, their relatives and their fossils in Madagascar and India but not in nearby Africa or Middle East.
- In 1860s he proposed that large Island or continent must have one existed between India and Madagascar serving as a bridge for manoeuvring of animals.
- He termed this Island as Lemuria.
- Devaneya Pavanar, a Tamil revivalist, took up this idea.
- In Pandyan legends, the submerged continent is called Kumari Kandam.
- Idea of Lemuria or Kumari Kandam lost its significance when continental drift theory begins to find its way in the intellectual world.
- According to continental drift theory, Gondwana landmass split into two, one containing Africa and South America and the other containing India, Madagascar, Australia and Antarctica.
- India joined Eurasian land mass giving rise to Himalayas and South Asia.
- Distribution of dinosaur fossils support the Gondwana breakup theory.
- Fragments of Laplatosaurus madagascarensis are found in India and Madagascar.
- Etroplus, a food fish in Kerala called pallathi is a freshwater fish.
- Molecular comparison shows that the nearest relatives of Etroplus are found in Madagascar.
- Lorises are the closest extent of lemurs. They are believed to have survived oceanic rides from Africa.
- They are mostly found in north eastern state and the area where Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu meet.
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