UN Charter Article 99

UN Charter Article 99 | Why in the News

Why in the news?

Article 99 of the UN Charter was recently invoked by Secretary-General Antonio Guterres of the United Nations (UN).

The purpose of this action was to alert the UN Security Council because of the threat posed by Israel’s activities in Gaza. This action is intended to highlight how urgent it is to stop a significant humanitarian catastrophe from occurring in the region.

What is Article 99 of the UN Charter?

  • Article 99 States that “Any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security may be brought to the attention of the Security Council by the Secretary-General.”

It is seen as a discretionary power.

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 It enables the Secretary-General to draw attention to important matters and, when called upon, calls for the Security Council’s consideration.

Previous instances include the unrest that followed Belgium’s colonial control in the Republic of the Congo in 1960 and Tunisia’s 1961 complaint against France.

  • UN Charter: A piece of international law that all UN members must abide by; it was ratified on October 24, 1945.

The UN’s distinctive international nature and the authority granted by its Charter, which is regarded as an international treaty, allow it to act on a broad range of topics.

The UN Member States are therefore obligated by the UN Charter, which serves as a tool of international law.

The UN Charter’s appendix contains the International Court of Justice’s (ICJ) Statute, which serves as the main legal framework for the organization.


Q) Consider the following claims about The United Nations (UN).

1.  Every country that belongs to the UN is a member of the General Assembly.

2. In 1947, following their independence, India and Pakistan became members of the UN.

3. On the Security Council’s recommendation, the General Assembly appoints the UN Secretary-General to a five-year non-renewable term.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 and 3 only

b. 2 and 3 only

c. 1,2 and 3 only

d. 1 only

Ans: d 1 only

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