Caucasus Mountains | Geography Through Map | GTM

The Caucasus Mountains

The great historic barrier of the Caucasus Mountains rises up across the wide isthmus separating the Black and Caspian seas in the region where Europe and Asia converge. The Caucasus Mountains thus forms the physical boundary between Europe and Asia. The Caucasus Mountains located in the Crimea Peninsula between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.

The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain range at the intersection of Asia and Europe. Stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, they are surrounded by the Caucasus region and are home to Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe at 5,642 metres above sea level.


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Structurally the Greater Caucasus represents a great anticline uplifted during Tertiary mountain building period.
The geologically recent rock layers around the Greater Caucasus, notably in the Kura-Aras Lowland and beneath the Caspian Sea, contain oil-bearing deposits. That makes Caspian Sea strategically and economically very significant.
Black Sea was controlled through most of history by Crimean peninsula. Strategic position of the peninsula in controlling the Black Sea meant it is going to be of immense strategic significance in the light of whatever that is happening in Ukraine.


Consider the following statements regarding Caucasus Mountains.
1. Forms the physical boundary between Europe and Asia.
2. Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe at 5,642.
3. The mountains have formed during Tertiary.
4. The mountains are pivotal to conflict between Ukraine and Western world.

of these statements, the correct are:-

(a) 1, 2 & 3 are correct
(b) 2 & 3 are correct
(c) 3 & 4 are correct
(d) Only 4 are correct

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