UPSC Mains | Geography Optional Paper-1 | Answer Discussion | INDIAN MONSOON | K. Siddhartha Sir

Indian Monsoon: Explain how various factors influence the origin and development of the Indian monsoon system.

Why the question was asked

New research and findings


Very Marks fetching


How diagrammatic can one be

Problems faced

Deciphering points, Making correct diagrams

Source Book

Physical Geography-K. Siddhartha

Web Source

There are two parts of Monsoons-NE Monsoon and SW Monsoon

Origin of NE Monsoon

  • Subtropical Westerly Jet and its bufurcation

Origin of SW Monsoon

Comprises of Monsoon winds from BOB and Arbian Sea, Tropical Depressions,

  • Thermal Conditions
  • Movement of ITCZ
  • Sub tropical Westerly Jet
  • MLPT
  • Macarenas High
  • Somali Jet
  • Heating of Tibetan Plateau & Tropical Easterly Jet
  • El Nino
  • Dipole Circulation
  • Madden Julien Circulation

Indian Monsoon

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