With reference of Microbiome consider the following statements.
- The microbiome is the collection of all microorganisms, bacteria, fungi and viruses.
- All bacteria are pathogens.
- Fungi are prokaryotic.
- All microbiome being dangerous.
Choose incorrect options
- Only 1,4
- Only 2,3
- Only 2,4
- Only 2,3,4
Answer: (d) Only 2,3,4
Statement 1 is correct;
The microbiome is the collection of all microorganisms, bacteria, fungi and viruses.
Statement 2 is incorrect;
Most bacteria are not pathogenic ,only that are contain specific virulence genes that mediate interactions with the host, eliciting particular responses from the host cells that promote the replication and spread of the pathogen.
Statement 3 is incorrect;
Fungi include yeasts, Molds, and fleshy fungi are eukaryotic organisms and possess a cell wall. Most fungi are saprophytes, organisms that live off of decaying matter; a few are parasites, organisms that live off of living matter.
Statement 4 is incorrect;
The microbiome consists of microbes that are both helpful and potentially harmful. Most are symbiotic, where both the human body and microbiota benefit.
Other in smaller numbers are pathogenic, they promoting disease.
In a healthy body, pathogenic and symbiotic microbiota coexist without problems. But if there is a disturbance in that balance brought on by infectious illnesses, certain diets, or the prolonged use of antibiotics or other bacteria-destroying medications dysbiosis occurs, stopping these normal interactions. As a result, the body may become more susceptible to disease.
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