What is the Central Vista Project ?

Central Vista Project

What is the Central Vista Project ?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for Central Vista Project’s new Parliament building on 10th December 2020. This Central Vista Project is an intrinsic part of the vision of Aatmanirbhar Bharat and will be a landmark opportunity to build peoples’ Parliament for the first time after independence (as the older Parliament was a gift of the Britishers).

Idea was to redevelop the 3km long Rajpath from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate. The plan includes the construction of a new Parliament, Prime Minister and Vice President’s residences along with 10 building blocks that will accommodate all government ministries and departments.

A comparison between old and new Parliament

Old Parliament

Central-Vista-Project_Chausath-Yogini-Ekattarso-Mahadeva-Temple-in-Morena,-Madhya-PradeshThe existing Parliament was designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. The foundation stone was laid on 12th February 1921 and was inaugurated by then Viceroy Lord Irwin on January 18 in 1927.

Existing Parliament constructed in a circular shape is internally divided in 3 chambers at an angle of 120 degree used as Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Library with a central hall which is used for joining sitting.

Seating capacity of Central Hall is 436 seats, Rajya Sabha is 245 and Lok Sabha is 550 which is enough for present democracy.

During delimitation, it was decided that every constituency would represent roughly equal population and as the time passes and population changes, constituencies will be redrawn.

In 1976, number of seats were freezed and were supposed to be re-evaluated in 2002, but again, delimitation was postponed till 2026.

Chausath Yogini Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple in Morena, Madhya Pradesh, The Chausath Yogini Temple that many believe inspired the design of India’s Parliament.

New Parliament


In Central Vista Project, construction of new Parliament 6400 sq. metre building will cost 971 crores with seating capacity of 888 members in Lok Sabha, 384 members in Rajya Sabha, 1272 members in Central hall with  Z and Z+ security, earthquake proof building and eco friendly environment.

If delimitation exercise occurs in near future, old Parliament building just wouldn’t have enough space.

Total cost of the Central Vista Project is estimated around 2000 crores and has much significance in the rise of New India.

The picture of Vijay Temple in Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh and the new Parliament House of India.The design of this Parliament building resembles the Vijay Mandir of Vidisha.

 Why the need of New Parliament?

  •   With the increase in population the representative’s number will definitely increase. Therefore this new building was planned to accommodate this increased number in a bigger space.
  •   The construction of the new Parliament building will utilise resource-efficient green technology, promote environment-friendly practices.
  •   It is also planned as it would generate employment opportunities and contribute towards economic revitalisation.
  •   In the past we have seen that there have terrorist attack in our parliament. The new building will comply with the highest structural     safety standards, including adherence to Seismic Zone 5 requirements and is designed for ease of maintenance and operations.
  •   Among every thing the new building will showcase the cultural diversity of the country.



Central-Vista-ProjectSince the unveiling of the project, central has faced many problems from critics and from the Judicial system of India.

From spending 2000 crore during a pandemic to the fate of the trees, not a single topic has been left out by the opposition to create hurdles in centre’s path to make history.

While the world deals with the worst of ongoing virus, launching a 2000 crore project is questioned by many. Was it wise by the Prime Minister to launch such a project ?

Tata’s project was planned to redesign and redevelop Rajpath will cause afforestation, an issue raised by many, contrary to which, center promised to transplant them and to plant more new trees in the area redeveloped. Will it satisfy the so called ” ecologist ” ?

Competent Architect or a personal favour ?

Bimal Patel, Director HCP Design is an architect chosen by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for projects like Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project, Detailed Design, Vishwanath Dham, Sri Kashi Vishwanath Mandir, Varanasi.

So, giving the project to Patel raises questions still unanswered by the centre. Handing over this project to HCP Design and particularly to Patel was raised in Supreme court along with the cost of the project to which the architect responded by saying ” It will save the payment of 1000 crore per year in terms of rent. ”

Will it be enough to shut the experts of architecture and economists ?

The Supreme court halted the project till the centre responds to all 10 filed petitions and convince the bench and the left.


For the course of 200 years Britishers not only ruled India but lived life full of luxury and comfort. And years after independence, India is using the outdated luxury built by the Britishers.

A dream project of Prime Minister Narendra Modi not only sends a message to end even a minor role of Britishers who once ruled India but also displays that India can take care of it’s own and present a remarkable progress of Atma Nirbhar Bharat.

Topic :- Central Vista Project

AUTHOR:-Amey Sharma

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