Operation Olivia

Why in news?

  • Recently, Coast Guard have enforced laws and started operation Olivia to protect Olive Ridley turtles in Odisha.
  • In between November 2020 to May 2021, Coast Guard has devoted 225 ship days and 388aircraft hours. They have protected 3.49 lakh turtles.
  • Enforcement of use of Turtle Excluder Devices (TED) by trawlers in waters surrounding nesting areas.
  • Prohibition of using gill nets as turtle approaches to the shore to curtail turtle poaching.

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About Operation Olivia

  • Operation Olivia was started by the Indian Coast Guard (ICG), first in early 1980s.
  • This operation helps in protecting Olive Ridley turtles every year when they start nesting along Odisha coast for breeding in months of November to December.
  • Under it, round-the-clock surveillance is conducted from November till May through Coast Guard assets like Fast patrol vessels, Interceptor craft, Air cushion vessels and Dornier aircraft.

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About Olive Ridley

  • Olive Ridley    turtles are listed as vulnerable under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.
  • Sea turtles found in India have been included in Schedule I of Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • They are also listed in Appendix I of Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  • Their mass nesting is called as arribada.
  • Gahirmatha, Astaranga coast, mouth of Devi river and Rushikulya are four arribadas sites off the Odisha Coast in India.
  • Apart from that, Hope Island of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh is also preferred for mass nesting.