“Celebrate World Population Day to control population growth.”
The date of 11th July has been marked as World Population Day to raise awareness related to the global population issues like health, economic, family planning, and social challenges. World Population Day aims to spread the knowledge related to the exploding world population along with the importance of reproductive health. The two major countries first China and second India has seen an explosive rate of population growth and therefore its a major concern.
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The United Nations Development Programme’s Governing Council created World Population Day in 1989. The main reason behind this was that on July 11, 1987, the world’s population surpassed five billion people. Later this day was further commemorated by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1990 with Resolution 45/26. Thus every year, the date of 11th July, is celebrated as World population day having different themes.
The theme for World Population Day 2021 is “Rights and Choices are the Answer: Whether baby boom or bust, the solution to shifting fertility rates lies in prioritising all people’s reproductive health and rights.”
Objectives of the World Population Day:
The objectives of celebrating World Population day are as follows:
- Spreading awareness and empowerment of both young boys and girls.
- Educating the young boys and girls about reasonable and youth-friendly techniques to avoid unwanted pregnancies.
- Making primary education as accessible for boys and girls.
- Removal of the gender stereotypes from the society.
- Educating the youth generation regarding sexually transmitted infections and measures to prevent this.
- Making the access of every couple to reproductive health care services much easier
- Demanding the strict laws to protect the rights of a girl child
Importance of World Population Day:
The size of a nation’s population has a major impact on its development and operations. The bigger a country’s population, the more difficult it is to develop at a quicker rate and to a sufficient level. As a result, reducing overpopulation is essential, whether on a national or global scale, to ensure the long-term growth of our existing resources.
We have seen in our past that it took hundreds of thousands of years for the world population to reach one billion, and then it increased sevenfold in just another 200 years or so. The world population passed the 7 billion barrier in 2011, and it now stands at approximately 7.7 billion, with an anticipated increase to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100.
This substantial increase has been driven mostly by an increase in the number of individuals reaching reproductive age and has been followed by significant changes in fertility rates, increased urbanisation, and accelerated migration. These tendencies will have far-reaching consequences for future generations when they will be left with neither any resource like water, soil, minerals as well as fossil fuels nor the environment will remain in a livable condition.
Thus its high time that each and every global citizen become concerned to stop this explosion with urgency. Every year on July 11, the world observes World Population Day with the goal of highlighting the difficulties created by overpopulation and raising awareness about how overpopulation may harm the ecosystem and progress of humanity. The day also discusses family planning, poverty, sexual equality, maternal health, civil rights, and the health concerns that childbearing women confront.
In the present days of the Covid-19 pandemic, dealing with such a big population proved difficult during the second wave of the pandemic, which highly raised the country’s fatality rate.
As a result, focusing emphasis on population management not only in the country but also on a worldwide scale is critical.
Aim of World Population Day
The major aim of World Population Day is to spread awareness of reproductive health problems among the people. Even it has been signified within the research that every day 800 women die while giving birth to a baby. In addition to this, a large number of women succumb due to poor reproductive health. So, it is highly important to spread the awareness of reproductive health among people, especially girls. Thus, the primary aim and importance of this day are to boost the knowledge associated with human reproductive health and they need to pay attention to this for family planning.
World population day can be defined as the celebration of awareness of the entire challenges associated with the exploding world population like family planning, human rights, and right to health, baby’s health, gender equality, child marriage, use of contraceptives, sex education, sexually transmitted diseases, and many more.
Being the second year of the Corona Pandemic, the health especially the sexual and reproductive health has been compromised seriously. This has resulted in gender-based inequalities being exposed and exacerbated along with the increased gender-based violence during the lockdown. So, keeping this as the hottest topic of concern, many countries are expressing their concentration on the changed fertility rates.
Activities on World Population Day
On this day, numerous activities are announced such as Essay writing, Poster-making, Slogan writing, singing, and small skits, and to which students participate from different schools and colleges. Even doctors spread awareness regarding reproductive health by gathering at suitable places and spread the knowledge through speech to enlighten the path of young boys and girls.
Our Environment is a very strict teacher and if this Pandemic has not taught us to control our population then nothing can.